Researcher (Uehiro Kokoro Studies) Shintaro Fukushima was awarded the "Outstanding Abstract Award" for young researchers at the international conference on social stratification and health 2013.
Researcher (Uehiro Kokoro Studies) Shintaro Fukushima was awarded the “Outstanding Abstract Award” for young researchers at the international conference on social stratification and health 2013 on August 31 & September 1, 2013 at Tokyo University.
Shintaro Fukushima1, Yukiko Uchida1, Izuru Saizen2
1 Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University
2 Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University
Economic capital and social capital can serve to improve health both at individual level and collective level. These capitals, however, are not always associated positively with health in every person and every social context. The purpose of this study is to determine not only compo-sitional and contextual effects but also the interaction effects of economic capital and social capital on health.
The questionnaire survey in rural areas of three cities in northern Kyoto prefecture was conducted. The question-naires were distributed to every 9,913 households which are composed of 441 communities. We employed the items of subjective economic affluence, trust in commu-nity members (community trust), and self-rated health (SRH) as the indicators of economic capital, social capital, and health, respectively. Collective level (community level) variables were generated by aggregating individual level variables. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was conducted on 8,615 samples with no missing value in every answer item including five control demographic variables.
It was shown that 1) collective level economic affluence and individual level community trust were positively related to SRH, and 2) while individual level economic affluence and collective level community trust were not independently related to SRH, they were synergistically associated with SRH at cross level.
This study revealed that 1) economic capital was col-lectively and social capital was individually associated with the improvement of health, and 2) collective level social capital function as a necessary social context for personal economic capital to improve health.