The paper “The Red Book from a pre-modern perspective: the position of the ego, sacrifice and the dead” written by Prof. Toshio Kawai was published.
Kawai, T. (2012), The Red Book from a pre-modern perspective: the position of the ego, sacrifice and the dead. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 57: 378-389. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2012.01976.x
active imagination;the dead;ego;Japan;Jung;pre-modern;vision
Abstract: This paper tries to investigate The Red Book from a pre-modern point of view especially with reference to a Japanese cultural and clinical perspective. In spite of overwhelming contents from the unconscious, the position of the ego is remarkable as a formal aspect throughout The Red Book. The ego manifests itself as a stable observing agency which results in clear images. In the case of Japan, visions are historically rare because of the much more vague position of the ego. While in Liber Primus the ego manifests itself via suffering and tragedy, in Liber Secundus it has more distance and humour, and takes the form of comedy. Mythological images are internalized as fantasy in Liber Secundus. So the rebirth of God does not need to be performed literally but by way of internalization, which is the origin of Jungian psychology. In its substantial aspect, the references in The Red Book to pre-modern cultural images of sacrifice and redemption of the dead are impressive. The sacrifice may suggest that the numinous cannot be experienced as ritual and symbol but necessitates direct violence and sexuality.
This paper is here.