内田准教授の2つの論文が『Japanese Psychological Research』に掲載されました
内田由紀子准教授の2つの論文が、日本心理学会の発行する英文学術誌『Japanese Psychological Research』に掲載されました。
「Protecting Autonomy, Protecting Relatedness: Appraisal Patterns of Daily Anger and Shame in the United States and Japan」は、日米における「怒り」と「恥じ」に対する感じ方の違いについて調査研究結果を報告したもので、センターに滞在していたMichael Boiger研究員（Postdoctoral researcher/University of Leuven）、 Vinai Norasakkunkit 特別招へい准教授（Assistant Professor/Gonzaga University）らと共同執筆しています。
「The Happiness of Individuals and the Collective」は、個人の幸福感に主軸を置いた研究から集団レベルでの幸福感研究が始まっている現状について概観し、今後の幸福感研究の方向性や国や組織における幸福感研究の活用について論じたもので、大石繁宏ヴァージニア大学心理学部教授との共同執筆です。
Japanese Psychological Research, 58, 28-41.
The present study tested the idea that U.S. and Japanese participants appraise anger and shame situations in line with the American concern for autonomy and the Japanese concern for relatedness, respectively. Sixty-five U.S. and 72 Japanese students participated in a 7-day diary study of anger and shame. Each day, participants reported their most important anger and shame incident and indicated whether they themselves or others were to be blamed (anger appraisals), and whether they focused on themselves or the opinion of others (shame appraisals). They also indicated whether they had experienced anger toward someone close or distant and whether their shame was publicly seen or privately felt. In line with the Japanese concern for protecting relatedness, Japanese compared to U.S. participants blamed themselves relatively more than others during anger situations with close others and focused on others rather than themselves during shame episodes that were publicly seen. Underlining the U.S. concern for protecting autonomy, Americans blamed others more than themselves during anger situations and focused more on themselves than others during shame situations.
Happiness and well-being are often defined as internal feelings or states of satisfaction. As such, research on well-being has focused on the long-term happiness and life satisfaction of individuals. But recently, psychological researchers have also begun to examine the effects that group-level functions (e.g., nation-level economic status) have on happiness. The present article: (a) overviews measures of individual and collective happiness and the validity of these measurements; (b) explicates the role of culture in understanding the long-term happiness and life satisfaction of individuals; and (c) explores the possibility and importance of studying the happiness of collectives (e.g., work groups, organizations, cities, nations). We then discuss future directions for happiness research, proposing several methodological and theoretical areas for progress in: (a) cross-temporal analyses to examine historical changes; and (b) multilevel analyses to identify the units of culture that affect happiness. Additionally, this paper argues that policy-making and interdisciplinary approaches can make important contributions to happiness studies.